The swoosh part remains whole and recognizable in the blend, but the tika part is not a morpheme, either in the word swastika or in the blend. There is some evidence that lidar was not coined as an acronym, but instead Word formation a blend of light and radar.
Sometimes this type is called a Reverse Acronym or a Backronym. Acronyms Acronyms are formed by taking the initial letters of a phrase and making a word out of Word formation.
The result is that speakers think it has a different origin than it does. Acronyms were being used more and more by military bureaucrats, and soldiers coined snafu in an apparent parody of this overused device.
But in blending, part of one word is stitched onto another word, without any regard for where one morpheme ends and another begins. Acronyms provide a way of turning a phrase into a word. Acronyms are a subtype of initialism. Analogy Sometimes speakers take an existing word as a model and form other words using some of its morphemes as a fixed part, and changing one of them to something new, with an analogically similar meaning.
United States UN or U. Memos, email, and text messaging text-speak are modes of communication that give rise to both clippings and acronyms, since these word formation methods are designed to abbreviate. Here are some more recent blends I have run across: The meaning contains an implicit analogy between the swastika and the swoosh, and thus conceptually blends them into one new kind of thing having properties of both, but also combined properties of neither source.
The earliest blends in English only go back to the 19th century, with wordplay coinages by Lewis Carroll in Jabberwocky.
The resulting words are called blends. Creative respelling Sometimes words are formed by simply changing the spelling of a word that the speaker wants to relate to the new word.
Another clipping is burger, formed by clipping off the beginning of the word hamburger. Some examples of now-conventionalized words that were novel creations include blimp, googol the mathematical termbling, and possibly slang, which emerged in the last years with no obvious etymology.
Blending Blending is one of the most beloved of word formation processes in English. For example, he introduced to the language slithy, formed from lithe and slimy, and galumph, from gallop and triumph. Affixation Subtype of Derivation The most common type of derivation is the addition of one or more affixes to a root, as in the word derivation itself.
Product names often involve creative respelling, such as Mr. Rifled means having a spiral groove causing the bullet to spin, and thus making it more accurate.
ROFL - rolling on the floor laughing ROFLMAO - rolling on the floor laughing my ass off Reanalysis Sometimes speakers unconsciously change the morphological boundaries of a word, creating a new morph or making an old one unrecognizable.
It is especially creative in that speakers take two words and merge them based not on morpheme structure but on sound structure. Radar forms an analogical model for both sonar and lidar, a technology Word formation measures distance to a target and and maps its surface by bouncing a laser off it.
Cheeseburger was formed on the analogy of hamburger, replacing a perceived morpheme ham with cheese. Scuba was formed from self-contained underwater breathing apparatus.
The classical acronym is also pronounced as a word. Initialisms also include words made from the initial letters of a Phrase but NOT pronounced as a normal word - it is instead pronounced as a string of letters.
Often the effect is a change in part of speech. The blend is a perfect merger of form, and also of content.
Others, such as stagflation stagnation and inflationspork spoon and forkand carjacking car and hijacking arose since the s. Novel creation In novel creation, a speaker or writer forms a word without starting from other morphemes. For example, the sound of the word bling seems to evoke heavy jewelry making noise.
The morphemes do not overlap. This process is called affixation, a term which covers both prefixation and suffixation. Some blends that have been around for quite a while include brunch breakfast and lunchmotel motor hotelelectrocute electric and executesmog smoke and fog and cheeseburger cheese and hamburger.We form words with back-formation when we remove part of a word, usually something which we think is a suffix (or occasionally a prefix).
We do this commonly when we form verbs from nouns. In linguistics, word formation is the creation of a new word. Word formation is sometimes contrasted with semantic change, which is a change in a single word's meaning. Word of the Day.
daguerrotype. the first successfully produced type of photograph. According to linguist Bogdan Szymanek, "English word-formation is doing quite well and keeps many people busy: first, the ordinary language user, the journalist or media man, the writer and the copywriter, and all those other individuals who like to test, from time to time, the limits of.
Thanks for your gap fill- word formation 1 and 2. Could you arrange to design for more different kind of those word formations. I am really into this type of exercises. Best wishes. Types of Word Formation Processes.
Compounding Compounding forms a word out of two or more root morphemes. The words are called compounds or compound words. In Linguistics, compounds can be either native or borrowed.Download